UC Santa Cruz Solitary Garden

Perched on a slope at UC Santa Cruz overlooking Monterey Bay, Solitary Garden is a participatory public sculpture and garden project by award-winning artist jackie sumell in collaboration with Tim Young, who is currently on Death Row in San Quentin State Prison, fighting to prove his innocence in the California appellate court system. The sculpture follows the blueprint of a 6’x9’ U.S. solitary confinement cell similar to the one that Tim has been confined to for twenty-one years. The stark cell is surrounded by a garden which Tim designed via letters and drawings to students and volunteers, who cultivate it as his proxies.

Image of the Solitary Garden
jackie sumell and Tim Young, UC Santa Cruz Solitary Garden, 2019-ongoing
Tour UC Santa Cruz Solitary Garden with Jocelyn and Chloe, 2019-2020 IAS undergraduate interns

UC Santa Cruz Solitary Garden Tour from Arts UCSC on Vimeo.

While the 6’x 9’ sculpture of the solitary cell gives stark insight into the inhumanities of U.S. prison and jails, the true ravages of the criminal justice system through learning more about the thoughts and experiences of Tim Young in his similarly small cell in San Quentin. As part of Solitary Garden, Tim has written letters for the project from, as he describes it “a tiny, antiquated, windowless cell on San Quentin's East Block,” a “lockdown unit” that houses the majority of the 750 people currently on California's Death Row. He spends upwards of twenty-two hours a day in this cell so narrow that he cannot fully extend his arms.

Image of a person holding a drawn map of the Solitary Garden Image of a person standing to the right of a sign which says 'Imagine a Landscape Without Prisons.'
jackie sumell, UC Santa Cruz Solitary Garden, 2019-ongoing

Since August 2019, with letters and topics ranging from garden designs and plant lists to more personal reflections about his childhood and his life in prison, Tim has provided a striking glimpse into his small cell and to conditions in San Quentin. With the Covid-19 pandemic, Tim’s letters have recorded the precarious and shockingly spread of the virus and his own illness. Despite the conditions described in his letters and the lack of medical care that he has endured, however, when Tim writes of the concrete walls and metal bars that surround him, he describes roses blooming through cracks in the concrete and vines of jasmine climbing the bars.

“I pictured myself at the Solitary Garden on the UC Santa Cruz campus. I sat on the bench and I overlooked the garden in solitude. I meditated. I walked around the structure, taking in the panoramic splendor of all the flowers and plants. And then, I did what I’ve been dreaming of for so long. I squatted down and felt the earth. I picked up the soil and let it sift through my hands. It has been 21 years” - Timothy James Young

Tim Young's letters and writings for Solitary Garden can be found here.

Tim and jackie are part of a growing collection of committed activists both in and out of prison who are working to not only improve the conditions in which incarcerated people live—to humanize the cages—but also to tear down the cages altogether. Their end goal is to build a more equitable society in which cages are no longer the solution for social problems associated with poverty, mental illness, and racism. As Tim says, the call of Solitary Garden is to "free'm all!"

“With racism impacting all aspects of not only policing but also how the courts mete out their judgments and sentences,” Tim asks, “how could justice be found within the same systems constructed around the discrimination of Black people, people of color, indigenous people, and the poor?...Abolition would give us a blank state, and should be part of the reparations that are past due in the United States.”

While Tim is currently fighting to prove his innocence as a wrongly convicted prisoner, based on his experiences he sees abolition as a means to end hundreds of years of oppression and systemic racism. Tim’s vision of abolition includes building solutions for centuries old problems, by focusing on prevention, rehabilitation, and community and questioning our dependence on prisons, punishment, and isolation.

Photograph of Timothy Young
Tim Young

Listen to Tim talk about what abolition means to him.

Listen to Tim read an excerpt of his poem “Citizen: In Shades of Antebellum Blue”

Image of a handwritten list of book titles
Tim Young's recommended readings

Together with Tim Young and jackie sumell, we have compiled the following resources related to Solitary Garden, the advocacy to end solitary confinement and abolish the death penalty, the COVID-19 crisis in our prisons and jails, and the prison abolition movement. Learn more about Tim Young, his case, and how to support him at his website.

Suggested Readings

  1. Berger, Dan, Mariam Kaba, and David Stein. "What Abolitionists Do," Jacobin, August 24, 2017.
  2. Blakinger, Keri. As COVID-19 Measures Grow, Prison Oversight Falls.” The Marshall Project, March 17, 2020.
  3. Burns, Karpani. “Coronavirus: The Invisible Enemy behind Enemy Lines.” San Francisco Bay View, April 5, 2020.
  4. Childress, Sarah. “Craig Haney: Solitary Confinement Is a ‘Tried-and-True’ Torture Device.” Frontline, April 22, 2014.
  5. Herzing, Rachel. “Big Dreams and Bold Steps Toward a Police-Free Future.Truthout. September 16, 2015.
  6. Kaba, Mariame, and John Duda. “Towards the Horizon of Abolition: A Conversation with Mariame Kaba.” The Next System Project. November 9, 2017.
  7. Klonsky, Amanda. “An Epicenter of the Pandemic Will Be Jails and Prisons, If Inaction Continues.” The New York Times, March 16, 2020, sec. Opinion.
  8. Nelson, Rachel. 2020. “Viral Biopolitics.” The Brooklyn Rail. May 6, 2020.
  9. Rankine, Claudia. Citizen: An American Lyric. 1st Edition. Minneapolis, Minnesota: Graywolf Press, 2014.
  10. Roy, Arundhati. “The Pandemic Is a Portal.” Financial Times, April 3, 2020.
  11. Gilmore, Ruth Wilson, and James Kilgore. “The Case for Prison Abolition.” The Marshall Project, June 19, 2019.
  12. Woodfox, Albert. Solitary: A Biography. New York: Grove Press, 2019.
  13. Wykstra, Stephanie. “The Case against Solitary Confinement.” Vox, April 17, 2019.